When presenting your research you will often need to support your arguments by referring to other published work such as books, journal articles or electronic documents

It is important to give accurate references:

  • to give credit to the work of others
  • to provide evidence to support your argument
  • to enable a reader of your work to locate the reference
  • to avoid charges of plagiarism, an offence which can lead to loss of reputation and, in extreme cases, legal proceedings.

There are many systems for the citation of references. The journals of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) use the Harvard system which is used very widely in academic publications. There are many excellent resources on the Internet to guide you to use this system effectively:

The Anglia Ruskin University Harvard System of Referencing Guide explains how to cite references in the body of your text and how to compile the reference list and bibliography.

Mendeley - a free tool to help you manage your references

  • A free account with www.mendeley.com enables you to download the iPhone/iPad app and work remotely
  • An add-in in MS Word enables you to select citations as you go and populate your bibliography automatically.

Contact Details

The library staff are always ready to advise on questions about referencing.


Filter or search events

Start date
E.g., 17/10/2021
End date
E.g., 17/10/2021

Events calendar

  • The Growth Mindset for Actuaries

    13 October 2021 - 8 December 2021

    Spaces available

    This practical course is aimed at actuaries at any stage of their career who want to develop their own growth mindset and apply it to their work setting and personal or professional lifelong learning. The content of the course builds on the lecture given by Dr Helen Wright on Growth Mindset as part of the President’s 2021 Lecture series, and will be delivered over a period of 2 months, from mid-October to early December.

  • Spaces available

    In this webinar, we will discuss how cause-of-death data from the Office for National Statistics can help us to understand how inequalities arise at the all-cause level. The key to understanding mortality inequality is to think about the chain that connects risk factors, relative risks, and cause-of-death mortality through to all-cause mortality.

  • Spaces available

    The importance of biodiversity for finance, business and policy is being increasingly recognised. While many studies highlight the overall economic impact that biodiversity loss could have, it is much more difficult to quantify and understand the particular impact that is may have on individual businesses or communities. The management and measurement of these risks is a field where actuaries are well placed to contribute.

  • Spaces available

    The climate crisis and the degradation of our planet will affect societies everywhere. How we address these threats will require solutions that transcend borders. As a global profession, the actuarial community is well-placed to consider and propose effective risk management solutions to help manage the climate crisis.

  • GIRO 2021 Webinar Series

    8 November 2021 - 19 November 2021
    Spaces available

    Join leading experts to discuss key issues, emerging ideas and new research across the general insurance sector.

  • Spaces available

    Content will be aimed at all actuaries looking to understand the issues surrounding mental health in insurance and in particular those looking to ensure products and processes widen access for, and are most useful to, those experiencing periods of poor mental health.