When presenting your research you will often need to support your arguments by referring to other published work such as books, journal articles or electronic documents

It is important to give accurate references:

  • to give credit to the work of others
  • to provide evidence to support your argument
  • to enable a reader of your work to locate the reference
  • to avoid charges of plagiarism, an offence which can lead to loss of reputation and, in extreme cases, legal proceedings.

There are many systems for the citation of references. The journals of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) use the Harvard system which is used very widely in academic publications. There are many excellent resources on the Internet to guide you to use this system effectively:

The Anglia Ruskin University Harvard System of Referencing Guide explains how to cite references in the body of your text and how to compile the reference list and bibliography.

Mendeley - a free tool to help you manage your references

  • A free account with www.mendeley.com enables you to download the iPhone/iPad app and work remotely
  • An add-in in MS Word enables you to select citations as you go and populate your bibliography automatically.

Contact Details

The library staff are always ready to advise on questions about referencing.


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  • Spaces available

    Over recent months there has been a sharp rise in M&A activity involving British businesses, with interest from overseas, domestic buyers and Private Equity investors.  

  • Spaces available

    Frank Redington is recognised as one of the most influential actuaries of all time. In this talk, Craig will review some of Redington's most important ideas. He will identify the consistent actuarial principles that form a common thread across the contributions Redington made to a broad range of actuarial fields, and will highlight the ongoing relevance of Redington's thinking to 21st century actuarial practice.

  • Spaces available

    The IFoA Mental Health working party look back over their week of blogs and podcasts considering all aspects of the relationship between mental health and life insurance. The expert panel spans adviser, underwriter and actuarial experience and they  explore triggers for purchasing insurance relating to mental health, the various routes to insurance and how these may be more suited to different people depending on their conditions and preferences, the products and processes involved in purchasing these as well as what claims and support are available to policyholders and how to access them.

  • Spaces available

    Part of the 'Finance in the Public Interest 2022' webinar series. If it was ever okay to consider your business in isolation from its surroundings, today it most definitely is not. Thinking about business within its surrounding system is now a necessity. The question we seek to discuss is: How should we prescribe the boundaries in which we consider problems to enable us to create better products and more resilient companies and systems?

  • Spaces available

    What will happen to DC pension savers who see life annuities as poor VFM but still want an income for life?  Pooled annuity funds could offer them a decent lifetime income while reducing significantly the complex choices and risk inherent in income drawdown.  They could be the next generation of CDC pension schemes, slotting into the existing DC framework as a post-retirement option.