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Resources for Subject SA2 - Life Insurance

Students may find it useful to consult some of the suggested reading listed in Unit 16 of the SA2 Core Reading to obtain a wider appreciation or different viewpoint when studying a particular topic.

However, students are not expected to have read all of the items on the list or to have gained a detailed knowledge of any particular topic additional to that contained in the Core Reading. Equally, students may use other sources of information to enhance their wider understanding, such as:

  • the financial and trade press, including The Actuary magazine
  • bulletins and other publications from reinsurers and consultancies
  • other papers from the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries and the Staple Inn Actuarial Society (SIAS)
  • Continuous Mortality Investigation bulletins
  • presentations made at recent Life conferences or other life insurance seminars
  • other recommended references on the Life Practice Area of the site.

Actuarial Standards

The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries is responsible for the setting of ethical actuarial standards. The Financial Reporting Council (FRC) is responsible for the setting of technical actuarial standards.

  • Technical actuarial standards can be found on the FRC's website
  • Other professional guidance material can be found on the Regulation pages of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries website

Articles and papers

These article and paper references from Unit 16 of SA2 Core Reading 2019 are listed by year for each unit within SA2 to which they are most applicable. However, some reading material may be relevant to more than one Unit while one paper listed at the end under 'Wider reading'  is not obviously applicable to any specific Unit.

Title links are to papers first presented to IFoA sessional research meetings or to Staple Inn Actuarial Society (SIAS) papers. Papers subsequently published in British Actuarial Journal (BAJ) have their permanent 'DOI' links to the BAJ, published by Cambridge Core. Members can access these articles without charge following login to the IFoA website or to the Athens portal for online resources - please contact for an Athens account.


Units 2 and 3 – specific products and general business environment

Units 4 and 6 – UK legislation and regulatory environment

Units 7 to 11 – regulation, valuation and capital management

Unit 11 - Professional guidance [Unit 11 in SA2 Core Reading 2019]

Unit 12 – Treating customers fairly

Unit 13 – Risk management and controls

Unit 14 – Management of with profits business

Unit 15 – Contract design and pricing

Wider reading

Contact Details

For any library enquiries please contact:

We try to respond to email queries within one working day. Researcher access to historical resources may require notice in advance of visit in order to retrieve items from storage.

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Events calendar

  • The Growth Mindset for Actuaries

    13 October 2021 - 8 December 2021

    Fully booked.

    This practical course is aimed at actuaries at any stage of their career who want to develop their own growth mindset and apply it to their work setting and personal or professional lifelong learning. The content of the course builds on the lecture given by Dr Helen Wright on Growth Mindset as part of the President’s 2021 Lecture series, and will be delivered over a period of 2 months, from mid-October to early December.

  • Spaces available

    The importance of biodiversity for finance, business and policy is being increasingly recognised. While many studies highlight the overall economic impact that biodiversity loss could have, it is much more difficult to quantify and understand the particular impact that is may have on individual businesses or communities. The management and measurement of these risks is a field where actuaries are well placed to contribute.

  • Spaces available

    The climate crisis and the degradation of our planet will affect societies everywhere. How we address these threats will require solutions that transcend borders. As a global profession, the actuarial community is well-placed to consider and propose effective risk management solutions to help manage the climate crisis.

  • GIRO 2021 Webinar Series

    8 November 2021 - 19 November 2021
    Spaces available

    Join leading experts to discuss key issues, emerging ideas and new research across the general insurance sector.

  • Spaces available

    This is a free webinar with an expert panel providing their views on the ongoing IFoA consultation for proposals regarding changes to the regulatory framework on climate change and sustainability.

    The regulatory consultation sets out, for feedback some proposed approaches that the IFoA are considering in relation to charter commitments under the UK’s Green Finance Education Charter (GFEC) and the regulatory framework, including the Actuaries’ Code.

  • Life 2021 Webinar Series

    22 November 2021 - 26 November 2021
    Spaces available

    Join leading experts to discuss key issues, emerging ideas, and new research across the Life insurance sector.

  • Spaces available

    Content will be aimed at all actuaries looking to understand the issues surrounding mental health in insurance and in particular those looking to ensure products and processes widen access for, and are most useful to, those experiencing periods of poor mental health.