However, students are not expected to have read all of the items on the list or to have gained a detailed knowledge of any particular topic additional to that contained in the Core Reading. Equally, students may use other sources of information to enhance their wider understanding, such as:
- the financial and trade press, including The Actuary magazine
- bulletins and other publications from reinsurers and consultancies
- other papers from the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries and the Staple Inn Actuarial Society (SIAS)
- Continuous Mortality Investigation bulletins
- presentations made at recent Life conferences or other life insurance seminars
- other recommended references on the Life Practice Area of the site.
The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries is responsible for the setting of ethical actuarial standards. The Financial Reporting Council (FRC) is responsible for the setting of technical actuarial standards.
- Technical actuarial standards can be found on the FRC's website
- Other professional guidance material can be found on the Regulation pages of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries website
Articles and papers
These article and paper references from Unit 16 of SA2 Core Reading 2019 are listed by year for each unit within SA2 to which they are most applicable. However, some reading material may be relevant to more than one Unit while one paper listed at the end under 'Wider reading' is not obviously applicable to any specific Unit.
Title links are to papers first presented to IFoA sessional research meetings or to Staple Inn Actuarial Society (SIAS) papers. Papers subsequently published in British Actuarial Journal (BAJ) have their permanent 'DOI' links to the BAJ, published by Cambridge Core. Members can access these articles without charge following login to the IFoA website or to the Athens portal for online resources - please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for an Athens account.
Units 2 and 3 – specific products and general business environment
- Lessons from closure: an analysis and comparison of the issues facing closed life funds and closed pension schemes. Campbell, A.C.; Grimley, D.C.; Pallister, J.K. et al. BAJ (2006) 12(3): 639-727.
- Variable Annuities: past, present and perfect. Shallis, P; Jones, G; Buckle, I; Hills, M., SIAS, 2009.
- A holistic lifecycle financial planning framework. Corrigan, J; Matterson, W., SIAS, 2010.
- Retail Distribution Review - an introduction - part 1, part 2. Kissoon, A.; Ealham, G. SIAS, 2013.
Units 4 and 6 – UK legislation and regulatory environment
- The Penrose Report. A discussion meeting held by the Institute of Actuaries. Abstract of the discussion. [Report of the Equitable Life Inquiry]. BAJ (2004) 10(5): 1047-1070.
- The ECJ Gender Directive ruling - one year on [slide presentation]. Texier, L.; Bhudia, R. SIAS, 2014.
Units 7 to 11 – regulation, valuation and capital management
- Market consistent valuation of life assurance business. Sheldon, T. J.; Smith, A. D. BAJ (2004) 10(3): 543-626.
- Current developments in embedded value reporting. O'Keeffe, P. J. L. et al. BAJ (2005) 11(3): 407-496.
- Notes on options, hedging, prudential reserves and fair values. Wilkie, A. D.; Owen, M. P.; Waters, H. R. BAJ (2005) 11(2): 199-312.
- The cost of capital for financial firms. Exley, J.; Smith, A. D. BAJ (2006) 12(1): 229-301.
- Practical implementation challenges of internal models under Solvency II. Austin, R et al., SIAS, 2009.
- Market-consistent valuations and the implications of the recent financial crisis. Foroughi, K. Proceedings of the International Congress of Actuaries, Cape Town, 2010.
- Developing a framework for the use of discount rates in actuarial work. Cowling, C.A. (2011) Discount Rate Steering Committee (Chair: C A Cowling) BAJ (2012) 17(1): 153-211.
- Insurance accounting - a new era? Foroughi, K. et al. BAJ (2012) 17(3): 562-615.
- Demystifying the risk margin: theory, practice and regulation. Brown, A. SIAS, 2012.
- Dynamic management actions. Clark, D.; Kent, J.; Morgan, E. SIAS, 2012.
- Stress testing and scenario analysis in life insurance and beyond. [slide presentation] Leach, D. et al.;The Stress and Scenario Testing Working Party. SIAS, 2014.
- Heavy models, light models and proxy models. Hursey, C. et al.; The Proxy model Working Party. 2014. (Sessional research paper, 2014) BAJ (2015) 20(1): 147-166.
(DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357321714000221) (Abstract of discussion of paper)
Unit 11 - Professional guidance [Unit 11 in SA2 Core Reading 2019]
- Technical Actuarial Standards: TAS D, TAS R, TAS M, Insurance TAS, Transformations TAS.
- Other Actuarial Profession Standards, IANs and non-mandatory resource material as listed in the Core Reading. See Actuarial Profession Professional Standards Directory
Unit 12 – Treating customers fairly
- Treating life customers fairly [Report from the Life: Treating Customers Fairly Working Party]. Staffurth, J. et al. SIAS, 2007.
Unit 13 – Risk management and controls
- Financial aspects of longevity risk. (2004) Richards, S. J.; Jones, G. L. SIAS, 2004.
- Longevity in the 21st century. Willets, R. C.; Gallop, A. P.; Leandro, T. et al. BAJ (2004) 10(4): 685-832.
- Governance and risk management in United Kingdom insurance companies. Deighton, S. P. et al. BAJ (2009) 15(3): 503-566.
- Living with mortality: longevity bonds and other mortality-linked securities. Blake, D.; Cairns, A. J. G.; Dowd, K. BAJ (2006) 12(1): 153-228.
- Report from the actuarial processes and controls best practice working party – life insurance. Care, R et al. Paper presented to Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, 2009.
- Model risk : daring to open up the black box. (sessional research paper, 2015) - Morjaria, N. et al.; Model Risk Working Party. BAJ (2015) 21(2): 229-296.
- The nature of longevity risk. Dhamani, S. SIAS, 2015.
Unit 14 – Management of with profits business
- Asset shares and their use in the financial management of a with-profits fund. Needleman, P. D.; Roff, T. A. BAJ (1995) 1(4): 603-688.
- Measuring and managing the economic risks and costs of with-profits business. Hibbert, A. J.; Turnbull, C. J. BAJ (2003) 9(4): 725-786.
- Equity between with-profits policyholders and shareholders. O'Brien, C.D. BAJ (2012) 17(2): 435-474.
- The management of with-profits funds in run-off: Working Party report. 2014.
Unit 15 – Contract design and pricing
- A market-based approach to pricing with-profits guarantees. Hare, D. J. P. et al. BAJ (2000) 6(1): 143-213.
- Reinventing annuities. Wadsworth, M. J.; Findlater, A. J. M.; Boardman, T. V. SIAS, 2001.
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Delivered by the IFRS 17 Contractual Service Margin working party.
The Certified Actuarial Analyst (CAA) qualification has rapidly established itself as adding real value, to insurers and consultancies, and to the clients of consultancies, around the World. CAAs work alongside actuaries and actuarial students, as well as other financial services professionals, in an increasingly broad range of roles and fields.
This session is a repeat of the one earlier today at 09:30
Many individuals and institutions have a long-term focus, and invest funds for the benefit of future generations. Their strategy should reflect their long horizon. University endowments are one of the oldest classes of institutional investor, and I will present the first study of the management of these endowments over the very long term.
This year's GIRO has been re-designed as a virtual conference to offer members and non-members the opportunity to get up to date content from leading experts in the general insurance field via online webinars. All sessions will be recorded and made available to purchase and re-watch post-event on the IFoA's GI Online Learning Resource area.
This year's Life Conference has been re-designed as a virtual conference to offer members and non-members the opportunity to get up to date content from leading experts in the life insurance field via online webinars. All sessions will be recorded and made available to purchase and re-watch post-event on the IFoA's website.
This webinar will provide an update on the emerging thinking around future regulation of DB schemes:
The webinar will discuss the challenges and opportunities schemes face in evaluating end game options, choosing a target state and understanding the impact this strategic decision could have on member outcomes long after the “end state” is reached. Adolfo, Kevin and Rhian bring over 60 years of experience in the industry and a variety of perspectives as scheme actuary, covenant adviser, trustee, de-risking adviser and insurer.
Cash-flow driven investing is a game-changer for DB pension funds navigating their end-game. Suitable for sponsors who want to reduce risks on their balance sheets. And for trustees, it shifts the focus to providing greater certainty of returns, managing funding level volatility and ensuring they have enough income to pay cash-flow requirements.
Patrick Kennedy, Partner at Gateley Legal and Founding Director of Entrust (a leading professional pensions trustee company), will be delivering an update on the latest legal developments during the course of 2020. With both a pensions legal perspective and over 25 years of trustee service, Patrick will seek to highlight how the letter of the law has continued to evolve against the backdrop of a difficult and challenging year
The talk will provide an understanding of the priorities and relationships between deficit reduction contributions, in the context of wider scheme funding, and different types of value outflow from the employer based on the working party’s recently published report.