The following additional resources will give you a different viewpoint on topics presented in SA4
You are not expected to have read all of the items but you should familiarise yourself with current issues and the general market background in the 18 months preceding the examination session.
The Financial Reporting Council (FRC) is responsible for the setting of technical actuarial standards:
The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries is responsible for the setting of ethical actuarial standards:
- Fundamentals of private pensions. 9th ed. McGill, D.M. et al. Oxford University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0199544516.
(Borrow from libraries)
- Good governance for pension schemes. Thornton, P.; Fleming, D. Cambridge University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0521761611.
(Borrow from libraries) (Access eBook after member login to IFoA eLibrary via Athens*)
Articles and papers
These article and paper references from Unit 16 of SA4 Core Reading 2020 are listed alphabetically by title. Title links are to papers first presented to IFoA sessional research meetings or to Staple Inn Actuarial Society (SIAS) papers. Papers subsequently published in British Actuarial Journal (BAJ) and Journal of the Institute of Actuaries show their permanent 'DOI' links to the JIA and BAJ, as published by Cambridge Core. Members can access these articles without charge following login to the IFoA website or to the Athens portal for online resources - please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for an Athens account.
- Actuaries, pension funds and investment. Arthur, T. G.; Randall, P. A. JIA (1990) 117: 1-49.
- A central discontinuance fund for pension schemes. Black, J. M.; Booth, G.; Cooper, D. R. et al. SIAS, 1999. 34 pages.
- Extending retirement choices. Retirement income options for modern needs. Retirement Choices Working Party. Faculty and Institute of Actuaries, 2001. 39 pages.
- The financial theory of defined benefit pension schemes. Exley, J.; Mehta, S. J. B.; Smith, A. D. BAJ (1997) 3(4): 835-966.
- Liability driven benchmarks for UK defined benefit pension schemes. Chambers, A. J.; Barnes, A. E.; Barnes, M. et al. 2005 Finance & Investment Conference. 56 pages
- Longevity in the 21st century. Willets, R C; Gallop, A P; Leandro, P A et al. BAJ (2004) 10(4) 685-832 and 878-898.
- Matching and portfolio selection: Part 1 and Part 2. Wise, A. J. JIA (1987) 114: 113-133 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0020268100019028) and JIA (1987) 114:551-568
- The matching of assets to liabilities. Wise, A. J. JIA (1984) 111: 445-501.
- A note on pension scheme design issues. Faculty of Actuaries Pensions Research Group, 2002. 10 pages.
- Note on the relationship between pension assets and liabilities. Speed, C. A.; Bowie, D. C.; Exley, J. et al. SIAS, 2003. 26 pages.
- Pension fund valuations and market values. Head, S. J.; Adkins, D. R.; Cairns, A. J. G.et al. BAJ (2000) 6(1): 55-141.
- Pensions and low inflation. Meredith, P. M. C.; Horsfall, N. P.; Harrison, J. M. et al. BAJ (2000) 6(3): 547-619.
- Pensions, funding and risk. Chapman, R. J.; Gordon, T. J.; Speed, C. A. BAJ (2001) 7(4): 605-686.
- Reinventing annuities. Wadsworth, M. J.; Findlater, A. J. M.; Boardman, T. V. SIAS, 2001. 77 pages.
- Risk budgeting in pension investment. Urwin, R. C.; Breban, S. J.; Hodgson, T. M. et al. BAJ (2001) 7(3): 319-364.
- The role and responsibilities of actuaries in the defined contribution environment in the United Kingdom. Stocker, M. A.; Dudley, S. D.; Finlay, G. E. et al. BAJ (1999) 5(4): 763-800.
- The role of high yield corporate debt in pension schemes. Sweeting, P. J. SIAS, 2002. 54 pages.
- The role of your actuary in your pension scheme. Faculty and Institute of Actuaries, 2003. 16 pages
- Sponsor Covenant Working Party Final Report – Allowing for the Sponsor Covenant in Actuarial Advice. November 2005. 40 pages
- Submission on the relationship between pension assets and liabilities. Hill, J. SIAS, 2003. 6 pages.
- Guidance for trustees. The Pensions Regulator.
* IFoA Members and Affiliates can also login with their IFoA member credentials via Athens to the IFoA Actuarial Knowledge Hub to search for and access ebook titles.
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A Trusted Profession
This free 1 hour CPD webinar is designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020 and is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive.
Modelling the structure and trends of cancer morbidity risk is important for pricing and reserving in related health insurance fields such as critical illness insurance and care provision. We model the dynamics of cancer incidence over time in different regions in England, using 1981-2016 ONS data. The modelling allows estimation of cancer rates at various age, year, gender and region levels, following a Bayesian setting to account for statistical uncertainty. Our analysis indicates significant regional variation in cancer incidence rates.
In this talk we will outline the steps Aviva took in pulling together our first large-scale disclosures on the exposure of our business to climate change published in March 2019; in line with the recommendations of the Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. After touching on why insurers have such an important role in climate change, we'll cover a brief “how-to” guide for those who have not yet embarked on thinking about these topics before giving a case study of how the learnings from a TCFD disclosure exercise can be applied to investment portfolios.
The insurance industry currently underwrites customers with diabetes based on a range of factors, medical expertise and various medical studies. The work undertaken by the Diabetes Working Party would help the industry to approach this using current research findings to update and enhance how potential risk from diabetes is considered. This includes the need to understand the underwriting implications as treatments improve, and potentially to develop new products that are tailored to those with diabetes. This webinar will present our latest findings in the management of this important chronic condition which will include research in collaboration with the ARC.
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Get ready for the new CPD Scheme launching on 1 September. Join us for a discussion on what the new Scheme will look like in practice. There will be an opportunity to field questions to the IFoA Executive on how the Scheme’s requirements will affect you.
There will be a prestigious line-up of international speakers discussing the insurance and financial industry’s innovation and change in Asia. The conference will take place throughout September via an online platform. The webinars consist of plenary speaking sessions and a series of workshop sessions including Life, GI, Data Science, Sustainability, Risk Management and Investment.
This will be the perfect opportunity for you to discover,ask questions and be at the forefront of current and developing actuarial/financial topics and trends in Asia.
In this webinar we will provide an insight into enterprise-wide risk management in banking, showing similarities to the world of insurance as well as identifying differences. Just as insurance companies have to submit an ORSA, so bank’s have to submit their own equivalent, the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process or ICAAP.
IFoA Webinar on Examination guidance for those candidates sitting Examinations in September, delivered by the Education Actuaries
This free 90 minute webinar is designed to support the IFoA CPD Co-ordinators, and others, involved in supporting our members to achieve their CPD requirements.
The programme will include an overview of the new CPD Scheme; specifically sharing with you key messages to support you implement and embrace the new CPD Scheme for our members within your organisation and regional community; how to arrange a reflective practice discussion; and an interactive reflective practice discussion learning exercise. In addition, delegates will gain information about accessing, and making the most of the IFoA event Toolkits which you can make use of to run your own in-house events and events for regional communities.