A Disciplinary Tribunal is a public hearing of the charges against an Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) member

Tribunal Panels are made up of three or more persons, with at least one Fellow and one lay member. They are also assisted by a legal advisor for any matters of law or procedure. The hearing is open to the public and the press to attend, although the Panel may hear parts or all of the Tribunal in private when appropriate. In accordance with the Disciplinary Scheme notices of forthcoming hearings are listed on this website.

What happens at a Disciplinary Tribunal?

The IFoA presents the charges and evidence to the Panel. The Respondent then has the opportunity to answer the charges and call any witnesses before the Panel. They may bring their own representative if they wish.

At the conclusion of the hearing, the Panel shall determine by a simple majority if a charge of misconduct has been established. If there is no majority, the charge shall be dismissed. If the Panel finds misconduct, they can either decide that no sanction is appropriate or impose one or more of the following sanctions:

  • reprimand the Respondent
  • order the payment of a fine
  • suspend or withdraw any Certificate of the Respondent
  • suspend, exclude or expel the Respondent from membership of the IFoA
  • order the Respondent to complete a period of education, retraining and/or supervised practice.

Publication of Determinations

Determinations will usually be published on this website for five years and published in the Actuary magazine.

Appealing the Panel’s decision

If the Respondent does not agree with the findings they may submit an appeal to the Appeals Tribunal Panel.

The Respondent may appeal on one or more of the following grounds:

  • that the determination of the Disciplinary Tribunal Panel was manifestly unreasonable, inconsistent with the evidence or wrong in law
  • that there was injustice because of a serious procedural or other irregularity in the proceedings before the Disciplinary Tribunal Panel
  • that significant and relevant new evidence has come to light which was not previously available to the Respondent and could not have become available to him on the making of reasonable enquiry
  • that the sanction imposed was manifestly unreasonable.

Notice of future appeal tribunals will be published on Forthcoming hearings.

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