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International Standards of Actuarial Practice (ISAPs) and European Standards of Actuarial Practice (ESAPs)

The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) is a Full Member Association of the International Actuarial Association (IAA) and of the Actuarial Association of Europe (AAE)

Both the IAA and AAE produce model actuarial standards: the IAA produces International Standards of Actuarial Practice (known as ISAPs) and the AAE produces European Standards of Actuarial Practice (known as ESAPs).

Those are model standards and, as such, are not binding on individual members of the IFoA. The IAA and AAE do, however, encourage Full Member Associations to take steps in relation to those standards in terms of adopting, adapting, modifying or declaring their existing standards as being substantially consistent. 

Substantial consistency with ISAP 1 and ESAP 1

The IAA approved the model standard ISAP 1 General Actuarial Practice on 18 November 2012 (with a reformatted version issued on 13 October 2013). The AAE approved the model standard ESAP 1 General Actuarial Practice on 3 October 2014. The latter almost entirely replicates ISAP 1.

The IFoA has, in conjunction with the FRC, considered the requirements of ISAP 1 (and, accordingly, of ESAP 1) and concludes that, following the introduction of APS X2 Review of Actuarial Work in July 2015 and on the introduction of APS X1 Applying Standards to Actuarial Work and the FRC’s TAS 100 in July 2017, the framework of standards applying to its members is substantially consistent with ISAP 1.

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Events calendar

  • Asia Conference 2021 webinar series

    Online webinar series
    26 July 2021 - 30 July 2021
    Spaces available

    We have made it through 2020 but the COVID-19 crisis continues to have a significant impact on individuals, societies, businesses and the wider economy across the globe. Navigating the world post COVID-19 in an uncertain and highly unstable time brings along many uncertainties, challenges and exciting opportunities. Hence the theme of this year’s IFoA Asia Conference Webinar Series is “Risk. Adapt. Thrive.”

  • CMI Income Protection

    30 July 2021

    Spaces available

    In April 2021, the CMI Income Protection Committee published Working Paper 149, which detailed the changes to analysis methodology for the Income Protection Investigation and the impact of past data issues. This webinar will provide an overview of the changes in the analysis approach and discuss the adjustments to the IP11 claim inceptions graduations.

  • Spaces available

    Louise Pryor, IFoA President, will chair this free-to-view session, in which Alex Darsley, TPR, Actuarial Regulatory Policy, will be discussing the regulator’s Climate Change Guidance Consultation, which is seeking views on new guidance designed to help trustees meet tougher standards of governance in relation to climate change ri

  • Spaces available

    Risk Management Webinar ProgrammeInternal audit is often the Cinderella of the audit world. It’s a regulatory requirement for insurance companies to have an internal audit function, so why not make it as useful as possible?  This session will look at how to link an internal audit plan to the risk register, and how that helps audit committees and boards to spot problems and fix them.

  • Spaces available

    Climate change is one of the greatest risks facing our world today. Addressing it will require multi-faceted solutions. Through this panel session, we will explore the different levers that can be used to meet net-zero targets including climate science and data, government engagement, and mobilising green finance.