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Climate change curated library

Nick SpencerThis climate change reading list is brought to you by the Sustainability Board. It gives suggestions for reading, with some brief commentary to help contextualise the items suggested. This is part of the IFoA's commitment to support actuaries in their understanding of climate risks and opportunities, and to encourage the incorporation of these risks and opportunities into actuarial advice. I hope you find it useful.

Nick Spencer, Chair of the Sustainability Board


The wider horizons climate change reading list guide aims to support actuaries in their self-directed learning in an area in which they may have modest prior knowledge and insights. We assume that actuaries have some awareness of the risks that climate change presents and that they need little incentive to explore the relevance of the issue to their professional work. Further, on occasion they may need to persuade their employer/client of its importance.
This guide is part of a wider project to produce such guides in a number of topic areas. The Steering Group for the project has chosen climate change as the first topic to be addressed. Topics under consideration for future guides include systems thinking and new economics.
We welcome and encourage feedback on what you find helpful and not so helpful about this guide, as well as suggestions for material to include in future versions. We intend that this guide will be reviewed and updated regularly.

Mike ClarkThe reading list guide I wrote is meant to help actuaries “help their clients before their clients ask”. Climate change is the biggest actuarial business opportunity of the decade!!

Mike Clark


This guide curates links to a range of material each with a brief description to help the reader decide whether the linked material is relevant to their current stage of research and learning.

Climate change is an extensive subject and many of the items referenced in this guide will have further references that can be explored as the reader decides. An immense amount of work is taking place in this area. This means that the references included in this guide will soon be followed by yet-to-be published work. It is hoped that by using this guide, the reader will then be able to follow more recent developments in their areas of interest.

In some sections we have included a suggestion for a link you might like to start with, labelled Editor’s choice.


The wider horizons climate change reading list guide includes ten sections which are available to view individually on our web pages or download as a PDF:

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Events calendar

  • Spaces available

    Climate-Related Risk - This free to view webinar on Climate-Related Risk is the first in a series focusing on some of the ‘Hotspots’ identified in the JFAR Risk Perspective bringing the Risk Perspective to life with practical illustrations and insights from subject experts from the IFoA and other Regulators

  • Spaces available

    Recent decades have seen institutions, such as employers and financial services, give people more choice and flexibility, but these freedoms have come with more responsibilities. Individuals are now responsible for managing more of their own financial risks, from ensuring they put enough money into their pension to securing affordable protection to be financially resilient.

  • Actuarial Innovation in the COVID-19 era

    This event is online. 
    26 April 2021 - 7 May 2021
    Spaces available

    Join us for this brand new IFoA webinar weries comprising of a fortnight of webinars, panel sessions and a hackathon, that showcase the range of ways in which the actuarial profession has added value, in the public interest, to the understanding and management of the current and future pandemics through insight and learning.

  • Spaces available

    This event is also repeated on Tuesday 27 April, 09.00-10.30. Please click here to register your place if Tuesday is your preferred choice.

    Actuaries have a lot to offer biodiversity management over the next decade as the world develops more depth to its response to this global challenge. This sessional offers an opportunity to learn about this emergent risk, to contribute to our thinking as a profession and help us develop the next steps forward.

  • Europe Town Hall

    28 April 2021

    Spaces available

    IFoA Immediate Past President John Taylor would like to invite you to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries’ (IFoA) virtual Europe Town Hall, hosted by John Taylor with IFoA Council Members Alan Rae, Jennifer Hartley, Maribel Vasquez Flores and IFoA Chief Executive, Stephen Mann.

  • Spaces available

    Sessional Meeting - Free to viewMis-estimation risk is a key element of demographic risk, and past work has focused on mis-estimation risk on a run-off basis.  However, this does not meet the requirements of regulatory regimes like Solvency II, which demands that capital requirements are set through the prism of a finite horizon like one year.  This paper presents a value-at-risk approach to mis-estimation risk suitable for Solvency II work

  • Finance & Investment Virtual Conference 2021

    Available to watch globally in May.
    10-12 May 2021
    Spaces available

    This year's Finance and Investment Virtual Conference takes on the timely theme of ‘resilience’, something we have all learnt a lot more about in the last year! Our diverse range of talks will explore the theme of resilience in a variety of ways including in building robust investment portfolios, in the incorporation of ESG factors, in govern

  • Spaces available

    This talk will explore the potential benefits that wearable tech can bring to health & protection insurers and their customers. The traditional approach of integrating wearables into insurance has largely focused on measuring steps and using rewards-based incentive programs to encourage more activity.

  • Spaces available

    Join us for this talk with Professor Sir Adrian Smith as part of the 'Dr Patrick Poon Presidential Speaker Series'. Professor Smith joined The Alan Turing Institute as Institute Director and Chief Executive in September 2018. In November 2020, he became President of the Royal Society, in addition to his leadership of the Turing. He is also a member of the government's AI Council, which helps boost AI growth in the UK and promote its adoption and ethical use in businesses and organisations across the country. He received a knighthood in the 2011 New Year Honours list.


  • CILA 2021

    Available to watch globally in May.
    19-21 May 2021
    Spaces available

    We continue to live in a world of global uncertainty. Survival depends on our ability to simultaneously navigate through the diverse root-causes, ranging from: the consequences of Climate Change; on-going financial consequences of the COVID pandemic; or self-imposed changes in regulatory requirements and accounting standards.

  • Pensions Conference 2021

    Online webinar series
    16-22 June 2021
    Spaces available

    Welcome to the programme for our 2nd Virtual Pensions Conference. This year's conference features 11 webinars offering members and non-members the opportunity to get up to date content from leading experts in the pension industry. There will also be opportunity to ask questions and contribute to the discussion.