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What do data scientists do: The data science diaries

Definitions of what constitutes ‘data science’ are apt to differ according to the source you consult. IFoA President John Taylor has described the discipline as “a dynamic field that as soon as you try and pin down what it is today, it’s changed tomorrow”. This being the case, how does this apparently elusive definition reflect the actual job of data scientists? What goes into their daily roles and responsibilities, and how do data scientists differ from organisation to organisation?

First-hand accounts are the best way to gain insight into what any professional remit entails, and so the IFoA invited three data scientists who work in contrasting sectors to outline the basics of a typical working week. Their accounts reveal that, as well as being core members of multidisciplinary teams, data scientists have to be multidisciplinary individuals, adept at a range of data analysis, software and business skills.


Gousto: Irene Iriarte Carretero

IRENE IRIARTE CARRETERO

Irene Iriarte Carretero is a data scientist at the UK’s largest recipe box company, Gousto*. Her work has focused on the development and implementation of different data science products, such as a menu recommendation engine and a forecasting algorithm that allows Gousto to predict the recipes that customers will order, and to ensure that the company minimises the food waste in its supply chain.

Monday

AM: I’m working from home today. It’s a great way to start the week, as I’m really able to focus on tasks that require more concentration. After a quick call with the team to finalise what we are working on this sprint, I do some research on how top companies are applying personalisation. There are some really interesting blog posts and papers – I summarise my thoughts so that I can share them later in the week. 

PM: I work on doing some analysis to understand how our customers are interacting with their recommendations – we are working on the implementation of a new collaborative filtering method, and these findings will feed into how we end up implementing the algorithm.

Tuesday

AM: My calendar looks pretty clear today  – I have time to focus on starting the implementation of the new algorithm. Luckily, the data we need is straightforward to obtain and is already pretty clean, so I can get straight to using it. Given that, as data scientists, we take ownership of the entire process, from ideation of the product to deployment, I need to ensure that my code is production-ready. I send my code to one of the Machine Learning Engineers in the team who gives me some suggestions to make the code more efficient. Once I make these changes, I check that everything is working as expected in our testing environments before pushing it to production.

Wednesday

AM-PM: A bit of a change of pace today. We are spending the day at an offsite location where we are going to have several workshops to brainstorm on the long-term vision for our menu page. Our team is cross-functional and includes members from the Design, Food, Software Engineering and Proposition teams, as well as Data Science, which ensures that we think about our ideas from different perspectives. As data scientists, I think it’s easy to get too caught up on improving a model’s accuracy, so I always find it useful to have opportunities like this where we can really think about how our products slot into the wider picture. 

Thursday

AM-PM: It’s really important that we understand the impact of our products, so today I am focusing on analysing the results of an experiment we ran on the website, in which 50 per cent of our customers saw a slightly different experience of how recommendations were presented to them. We make sure that, as well as internal algorithm metrics, we deep-dive into more commercial metrics that we can easily communicate with stakeholders across the business, and that are more useful to understand how our products impact our customers.

Friday

AM: After a much-needed coffee (it’s been a long week!), I have one-to-one meetings with the team and catch up with some outstanding emails.

PM: We have a team retrospective to discuss what has worked well and what improvements we can make to ensure we are working more effectively. Finally, I work on preparing a short presentation for our monthly Tech Showcase – it’s a great opportunity to share our work with the whole company over some drinks and nibbles.

More from our data science series:

*Based on volumes and revenues, based on third party data from Reward Insight.


Centre For Environmental Data Analysis: Graham Parton

Graham Parton

As a Senior Environmental Data Scientist at the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA), Graham Parton curates observational data from its atmospheric community, and ensures they are accessible and future-proofed for CEDA’s users. His role also scopes development of the content and structure of CEDA’s data cataloguing service, a data discovery tool and link to supporting materials. CEDA services are provided on behalf of the Natural Environment Research Council via the National Centre for Atmospheric Science and the National Centre for Earth Observation. CEDA is based within the RAL Space department of the Science and Technology Facilities Council.

Monday

AM: Start the week with a quick catch-up on the helpdesk where I can see our regular batch of users struggling to use the surface weather observations data from the National Met Agency. It’s brilliant data – it’s just that they need to cross reference the station metadata with the data itself before they can get on with their research. The open version of the data collection tool resolves most of those usability issues, which is helping new users to access these data… I’ll remind our Met Agency partner about this when we catch up about the upcoming new release of those data, as he’ll be pleased to see the rewards of his efforts there! The rest of the day I’ll get on with coding to improve our catalogue service. There are a few niggly bugs I reckon I can fix this afternoon.

Tuesday

AM: Focused on weekly ’Data Management Plan’ (DMP) related tasks. Checking our internal DMP tool, I see I’ve got a couple of new projects that have come in from the latest Research Council funding round for me to get in touch with. Will look at their project details and their outline DMPs to figure out what data they may want to archive, and then make contact later; but, for now, I’ve got some new sample files from another project to look at. Hopefully, these will be an improvement on the last ones they sent, where the internal metadata was, well, a bit sparse to say the least!

Thankfully, though, I can refer them to our help documentation to steer them in the right direction to resolve those issues. Just hope they can find their notes about the instrument’s deployment last year – without the instrument calibration details the data’s reusability could be questionable

PM: still not managed to get to look over those new projects that came in yesterday, as one of my ingest scripts encountered issues with the storage system; so I’ve had to spend most of the morning checking over the issues and getting the ingest restarted. But my diary is clear later this afternoon, so I should be able to fire off those introductory emails at last.

Wednesday

AM: Day of meetings. For starters, our developer group catch-up – usually tough for me, as I’m not a seasoned code developer, so some of the stuff is a bit difficult to follow. After that a Google Hangout to catch up with my line manager to review the outstanding developer task lists for the data catalogue. Hopefully with our new archive access database in place later this month I’ll get the go-ahead to develop the catalogue service: this will ensure up-to-date access and licence information can be fed through from our new tool. Then we can finally stop having to record this information in more than just one place.

After that I’ve a 16:30 meet with a colleague to see if she can help review our 70+ data licences to classify them with our new scheme. That would really help users to filter our 6,500+ datasets to find ones which they can use for work purposes (e.g., commercial or personal use), and not just assume that it’s just for academic use. This classification stuff is quite exciting, though, as it’s a new approach that is getting lots of interest across the international research data community, and not just for environmental data either! If it gets adopted more widely users will be able to do something akin to Google image searches, which allows searches to be limited by permitted uses.

Thursday

AM: Monthly group meeting. Hear about the wide range of work that our group is engaged with, from working our cloud portals and development of our high-performance data analysis system, through to involvement with international metadata standards.

PM: Crack on with data management tasks. Before that, though, I’ll spend a bit of time checking our Elasticsearch index of our entire 200 million files to check for occurrences of some site names used in filenames to aid a project’s file naming scheme. It would be like looking for the tiniest of needles in the mother of all haystacks if it wasn’t for our Big Data tools to scan and index everything – but that’s what’s needed these days to manage such vast and diverse archives.

Friday

AM-PM: Today was pretty full-on. One minute I was setting-up new data extractions to pull in forecast model data into the archive (a quick task, but needs regular checks, as not all extractions run smoothly), the next covering the helpdesk, aiding users to find relevant data and sorting out their account issues. Then a brief Google Hangout with a developer to check on the adjustments to the new access control system, before doing a handful of data catalogue record reviews and DOI (Digital Object Identifier) minting, and getting a new dataset finally published after the last few weeks spent persuading the provider to actually follow the metadata guidelines. Thankfully I’ve had a quiet last hour of this week to  catch up on my colleague’s blog post about data citation. It’s important stuff, essential for researchers to follow – otherwise, how can we rely on the science if we can’t find the underlying data that supports the results?

More from our data science series: 


Bloom & Wild: Dave Marshall

Dave Marshall has been Lead Data Scientist at online florist Bloom & Wild for more than three years. The focus of his work is to use data to drive decision making in the company, and automate this wherever possible. This feeds into the main company objective of maximising the lifetime value of customers.

Monday

Make coffee first thing, to get the day going, and then look into an experimental project we are running with a new product recommendation system, which personalises the search for our customers to recommend the perfect bouquet for them. I discuss potential improvements on the experiment with my data analysis colleague, and whether to rollout to all customers, with another colleague, Bloom & Wild’s Retention Product Manager. We decide to keep A/B testing, where 50 per cent of our customers see the recommended products and the other 50 per cent do not, so that we can quantify data.

Tuesday

I catch up with my data analysis colleague on our priorities for the week. He’s working on an exciting project to improve our product metadata – the properties of the bouquets and plants that we sell. This will allow us to automatically calculate a similarity score for different items which could feed future improvements for our product recommendations. He has worked closely with backend developers to get data in place. We agree the project is nearly complete, and that he’ll present the work at next week’s company-wide meeting. We think we’ll get lots of ideas for other areas of the business where this new dataset can also be implemented.

Wednesday

We have a weekly company-wide meeting at midday. In 20 minutes we hear how we are performing against our key metrics, and also get an update on any career opportunities currently open across the company. It’s traditional that the presenter sprinkles-in fun facts on a theme. After this we head-off for lunch.

Thursday

Busy day. Kicked-off a project to improve our website speed with two frontend developers and our VP of Product. A faster loading and more responsive web shop should make customers (even) happier and purchases more likely. My role is to crunch site performance data from our UK & Ireland, German and French websites: this is to identify where we’ve negatively impacted the experience, or if certain pages suffer on specific web browsers. I have also created a dashboard for developers to check they are making progress!

Friday

AM: headphones on, and time to work on my own for a bit. I write some code to help our operations team better understand our stock position at any given time, and to predict what bouquets will be left unsold at the end of the day. Dealing in perishable goods means that we need to forecast very accurately to avoid wastage. Meanwhile, this week it’s Bloom & Wild’s 6th anniversary, so at 18:00 the whole company heads off to eat some birthday cake and to do a flower arranging workshop!
 

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  • Spaces available

    Climate-Related Risk - This free to view webinar on Climate-Related Risk is the first in a series focusing on some of the ‘Hotspots’ identified in the JFAR Risk Perspective bringing the Risk Perspective to life with practical illustrations and insights from subject experts from the IFoA and other Regulators

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    Recent decades have seen institutions, such as employers and financial services, give people more choice and flexibility, but these freedoms have come with more responsibilities. Individuals are now responsible for managing more of their own financial risks, from ensuring they put enough money into their pension to securing affordable protection to be financially resilient.

  • Actuarial Innovation in the COVID-19 era

    This event is online. 
    26 April 2021 - 7 May 2021
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    Join us for this brand new IFoA webinar weries comprising of a fortnight of webinars, panel sessions and a hackathon, that showcase the range of ways in which the actuarial profession has added value, in the public interest, to the understanding and management of the current and future pandemics through insight and learning.

  • Spaces available

    This event is now temporarily closed on Monday 26 April, but the session will be repeated on Tuesday 27 April, 09.00-10.30. Please click here to register your place. 

    Actuaries have a lot to offer biodiversity management over the next decade as the world develops more depth to its response to this global challenge. This sessional offers an opportunity to learn about this emergent risk, to contribute to our thinking as a profession and help us develop the next steps forward.

  • Europe Town Hall

    28 April 2021

    Spaces available

    IFoA Immediate Past President John Taylor would like to invite you to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries’ (IFoA) virtual Europe Town Hall, hosted by John Taylor with IFoA Council Members Alan Rae, Jennifer Hartley, Maribel Vasquez Flores and IFoA Chief Executive, Stephen Mann.

  • Spaces available

    Sessional Meeting - Free to viewMis-estimation risk is a key element of demographic risk, and past work has focused on mis-estimation risk on a run-off basis.  However, this does not meet the requirements of regulatory regimes like Solvency II, which demands that capital requirements are set through the prism of a finite horizon like one year.  This paper presents a value-at-risk approach to mis-estimation risk suitable for Solvency II work

  • Finance & Investment Virtual Conference 2021

    Available to watch globally in May.
    10-12 May 2021
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    This year's Finance and Investment Virtual Conference takes on the timely theme of ‘resilience’, something we have all learnt a lot more about in the last year! Our diverse range of talks will explore the theme of resilience in a variety of ways including in building robust investment portfolios, in the incorporation of ESG factors, in govern

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    This talk will explore the potential benefits that wearable tech can bring to health & protection insurers and their customers. The traditional approach of integrating wearables into insurance has largely focused on measuring steps and using rewards-based incentive programs to encourage more activity.

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    Join us for this talk with Professor Sir Adrian Smith as part of the 'Dr Patrick Poon Presidential Speaker Series'. Professor Smith joined The Alan Turing Institute as Institute Director and Chief Executive in September 2018. In November 2020, he became President of the Royal Society, in addition to his leadership of the Turing. He is also a member of the government's AI Council, which helps boost AI growth in the UK and promote its adoption and ethical use in businesses and organisations across the country. He received a knighthood in the 2011 New Year Honours list.

     

  • CILA 2021

    Available to watch globally in May.
    19-21 May 2021
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    We continue to live in a world of global uncertainty. Survival depends on our ability to simultaneously navigate through the diverse root-causes, ranging from: the consequences of Climate Change; on-going financial consequences of the COVID pandemic; or self-imposed changes in regulatory requirements and accounting standards.

  • Pensions Conference 2021

    Online webinar series
    16-22 June 2021
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    Welcome to the programme for our 2nd Virtual Pensions Conference. This year's conference features 11 webinars offering members and non-members the opportunity to get up to date content from leading experts in the pension industry. There will also be opportunity to ask questions and contribute to the discussion.