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Sustainability practice area: practical guides

The Sustainability Board has commissioned a series of working parties to prepare a number of practical guides to support actuaries who are considering how to appropriately include Sustainability matters into their work.

Practical Guides

Climate Change - A call to action for actuaries working in defined contribution pensions

This guide (updated September 2021) has been produced to support actuaries advising UK defined contribution pension schemes (trust, contract and master trust), although some of the material may also be relevant for actuaries advising other types of pension schemes and in other jurisdictions. It explains how climate risks may be relevant to defined contribution pension arrangements and is designed to support actuaries and others working in defined contribution pensions in exercising their judgement in this area.

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A Practical Guide to Climate Change for Life Actuaries

This guide provides Life Actuaries with an overview of how climate change impacts on life insurance and the particular areas of work for life actuaries. It covers changes to economic growth and performance in wider economies, investment over or underperformance, current mortality and insurance regulatory environment and morbidity and uncertainty around future trends as well as the climate risks around Physical, Transition and Liability risk.

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Practical Guide to Climate Change for GI Practitioners

This guide provides General Insurance Practitioners with an overview of different aspects of insurance operations that may be affected by climate change. It highlights the impact of the following risks on Pricing and Underwriting, Reserving, Reinsurance, Catastrophe Modelling, Investment, Risk Management and Capital Management processes. These risks have been broadly grouped into Physical, Transition and Liability risks. These risks can impact General Insurers to different degrees, depending on their business areas and investment strategies. These may pose different strategic, investment, market, operational and reputational risks.

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R&E Issues: A Practical Guide for Defined Benefit Pensions Actuaries

This guide explains where R&E issues are relevant to pension schemes and the work of pensions actuaries. It is a first attempt at helping pensions actuaries to assist their clients in navigating the uncertainties associated with R&E issues, in collaboration with covenant and investment advisers. Supplementary reports will be published which provide more technical detail on how R&E issues might impact on covenant assessments, funding advice and mortality. This guide is intended to raise awareness of the topic, encourage discussion and prompt further research. It is aimed at actuaries advising UK trust-based defined benefit pension schemes, although some of the material is also relevant for actuaries advising other types of pension schemes and in other jurisdictions.

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R&E Issues for Defined Benefit Pensions Actuaries: Supplementary Information

Climate Scenario Analysis for Pension Schemes: A UK Case Study

This paper explores how climate scenario analysis can be used as a tool for forward-looking assessment of the risks and opportunities for defined benefit pension schemes and other financial institutions. It is intended to provide an example of how pension schemes can integrate climate change into their thinking on matters such as funding strategies and long-term strategic asset allocation, and should prove useful to pension actuaries and other advisors who are seeking to give specific consideration to climate risks in their advice to scheme trustees and sponsors.

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Climate Scenario Analysis for Pension Schemes: An illustration of potential long-term economic & financial market impacts.

This paper examines the long-term economic and financial impacts projected by a model that combines climate science with macro-economic and financial effects to examine the relative impacts of three different climate pathways.

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Climate Change Working Party

Climate Change for Actuaries: An Introduction

An introduction to climate change for actuaries in all fields of work. It provides an overview of some of the differing topics discussed and researched by the Climate Change Working Party over the last few years. 

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Archived guides

Climate Risk: A Practical Guide for Actuaries working in Defined Contribution Pensions (March 2018)

Contact Details

For more information about the Sustainability Practice Area please contact the Professional Communities Team

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Events calendar

  • Spaces available

    Over recent months there has been a sharp rise in M&A activity involving British businesses, with interest from overseas, domestic buyers and Private Equity investors.  

  • Spaces available

    Frank Redington is recognised as one of the most influential actuaries of all time. In this talk, Craig will review some of Redington's most important ideas. He will identify the consistent actuarial principles that form a common thread across the contributions Redington made to a broad range of actuarial fields, and will highlight the ongoing relevance of Redington's thinking to 21st century actuarial practice.

  • Spaces available

    The IFoA Mental Health working party look back over their week of blogs and podcasts considering all aspects of the relationship between mental health and life insurance. The expert panel spans adviser, underwriter and actuarial experience and they  explore triggers for purchasing insurance relating to mental health, the various routes to insurance and how these may be more suited to different people depending on their conditions and preferences, the products and processes involved in purchasing these as well as what claims and support are available to policyholders and how to access them.

  • Spaces available

    Part of the 'Finance in the Public Interest 2022' webinar series. If it was ever okay to consider your business in isolation from its surroundings, today it most definitely is not. Thinking about business within its surrounding system is now a necessity. The question we seek to discuss is: How should we prescribe the boundaries in which we consider problems to enable us to create better products and more resilient companies and systems?

  • Spaces available

    What will happen to DC pension savers who see life annuities as poor VFM but still want an income for life?  Pooled annuity funds could offer them a decent lifetime income while reducing significantly the complex choices and risk inherent in income drawdown.  They could be the next generation of CDC pension schemes, slotting into the existing DC framework as a post-retirement option.