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Research projects

IFoA research programme typically comprises over 100 initiatives at any one time.

A full list of current IFoA research working parties can be found here.

The IFoA supports and sponsors research through member-led working parties in various practice areas and through commissioned external research such as that undertaken in universities. By supporting new research, we continue to further actuarial science and aim to provide members with cutting edge knowledge attuned to the realities of their working lives. This listing contains all IFoA research.

Research outputs can be accessed via Sessional Research Programme recordings and Research papers.

Similarly, IFoA research papers provide a way for members and academics to communicate their findings. Research papers can be accessed via the Sessional Research Programme and knowledge exchange page and via the main site search.

Can’t find what you’re looking for? Email us.

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E.g., 05/04/2020
End date
E.g., 05/04/2020

Events calendar

  • Spaces available

    Due to the COVID-19, we will be running this programme via a series of webinars commencing 22 April.  

    CIGI is a well-established seminar designed to increase awareness and encourage discussion on a variety of topical issues across the general insurance industry. 

  • Spaces available

    InsurTech headlines are often big statements, which seem impossible to many working in the sector day-to-day. How can actuaries implement new systems, keep the value from legacy systems, deliver BAU and not require the resources of three teams?

  • Spaces available

    Pressure on organisations to address climate change risks is intensifying. But what does this really mean for insurers? In this session Adhiraj Maitra and Gareth Sutcliffe will look at the why, the what and the how of this risk through a number of different lenses including regulatory, principle and resilience.

  • Spaces available

    There have been a number of events across the financial markets where particular services have fallen below customer expectations.  These have included inability to receive or make payments or or the inability to check your own status or access services.  In an increasingly interconnected world the causes of this are often complex and hard to spot in advance, but can be a major impact to the reputations of firms.

  • CIGI Webinar - Are you Vulnerable ?

    Webinar
    27 April 2020

    Spaces available

    With ever increasing focus from the FCA on pricing practices and the relationship between insurers and their customers, it is critical to ensure appropriate controls are in place. This presentation summarises the latest developments in the market and showcases practical approaches to mitigate the risk of poor customer outcomes in pricing, with a particular focus on protecting vulnerable customers.’

  • Spaces available

    This webinar provides an update on renewal pricing outcomes for Property and Casualty markets at the latest 1/1 reinsurance renewals with the focus being on capacity availability and price drivers.  These issues include, but are not limited to, the cat bond market, wider trends in claims outcomes, trends in Casualty RI space that affect pricing such as social inflation, yield curve, and the reserving cycle.

  • Spaces available

    The Ogden Discount Rate shock of 2017 brought about a period of profound uncertainty to General Insurance market.  GI Actuaries' first task was to estimate the impact of the Ogden shocks, particularly to reserving and reinsurance pricing.  Their second was to navigate a period of framework uncertainty, maintaining an agility in actuarial modelling as the Civil Liability Bill took shape. 

  • Spaces available

    Model validation should not be a tick box exercise. It has all the right ingredients to be a value adding exercise that can help senior management understand what really drives the business from a risk and capital perspective. Model validation can be a stressful, bloated process - and may not be as value adding as it could be. 

  • Spaces available

    The FCA’s interim report into general insurance pricing practices has brought into focus a number of market wide issues including:

    Price walking • Poor governance • Higher prices for potentially vulnerable customers • Higher prices for less aware customers

  • CANCELLED The Global Actuarial Profession

    Staple Inn Hall, High Holborn, London, WC1V 7QJ
    30 April 2020

    Spaces available

    We are sorry that this event has been cancelled.

    The IFoA's policy regarding COVID-19 is designed to safeguard the well-being of members and employees. As stated within the policy, the IFoA is reviewing its events programme on a case-by-case basis.

  • Spaces available

    The IFRS 17 Working Party have been producing a number of deep dive papers, these include topics such as risk adjustment, impact of disclosures on how uncertainty is perceived, deferring acquisition costs over renewals, PAA eligibility and more. 

  • SIAS Event: Cyber Insurance

    Staple Inn Hall, High Holborn, London, WC1V 7QJ
    4 May 2020

    Spaces available

    The talk will cover:
    • Why cyber security is regarded as the top threat to businesses (Allianz Risk Barometer 2019)
    • What is causing the shift in threat landscape
    • Who is attacking, why, and how we can stop them
    • Customer impressions of cyber security and how you can help them
    • Threats to evaluating insurable losses and responding to claims
    • How cyber insurance policies have evolved, and need to continue to do so
    • Can and should you recover ransoms under cyber insurance?
    • What is the future for cyber risk?

  • KSS event: Technology: A red-eyed Terminator or an actuary’s best friend?

     Hymans Robertson, Exchange Place 1, 1 Semple Street, Edinburgh, EH3 8BL
    4 May 2020

    Spaces available

    Despite long-running concerns that innovation could lead to widespread redundancy, technology has enabled greater productivity, created higher-value jobs and spurred us on to new heights. With artificial intelligence increasingly automating work undertaken by professionals, I look at the prospects for the actuarial profession in the era of unprecedented technological innovation.

  • Finance and Investment Conference 2020

    Royal College of Physicians, 11 St Andrews Pl, London NW1 4LE
    05-05 May 2020
    Spaces available

    Due to COVID-19, we are running this programme via a series of webinars commencing 5 May.

    The environmental, social and governance (ESG) space is growing rapidly and increasingly moving centre stage. In many cases, it is now an essential part of policy and central to the way stakeholders make decisions for the long term to ensure retention of clients, manage risk better, and ensure more economically efficient and sustainable investment returns.

    ESG factors cover a wide range of areas reflecting how vital consideration of these factors are part of wider systemic risks.

    The IFoA’s policy regarding Coronavirus is designed to safeguard the well being of those who attend IFoA events. Find out more. 

  • Professional Skills Training - Edinburgh (19 May 2020)

    IFoA (Edinburgh), Level 2, Exchange Crescent 7 Conference Square Edinburgh EH3 8RA
    19 May 2020

    Spaces available

    A Trusted Profession

    A 2 hour CPD event designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020This session is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive, so you should come along prepared to take part in the discussions.

  • Professional Skills Training - London (19 May 2020)

    Staple Inn, High Holborn, London WC1V 7QJ         
    19 May 2020

    Spaces available

    A Trusted Profession

    A 2 hour CPD event designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020This session is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive, so you should come along prepared to take part in the discussions.

  • CILA 2020

    Royal College of Physicians, 11 St Andrews Pl, London NW1 4LE
    20 May 2020

    Spaces available

    Due to COVID-19 this event has been postponed until later in the year. A new date will be announced soon.

    Thank you for your patience and understanding.

  • Protection, Health and Care Conference 2020

    The Grand Brighton, 97-99 Kings Rd, Brighton BN1 2FW
    02-03 June 2020
    Spaces available

    The Protection, Health and Care Conference is an annual conference aimed at all insurance professionals with a passion for harnessing insurance risk in their organisations.

  • Spaces available

    How we relate to others at work, whether they are colleagues, clients, prospective clients or other business contacts is key to individual career progression and business performance. People buy people , so considering what we are known for and how to be positively memorable are vital. This session looks at the importance of professional relationships, the psychology of personal image and impact and the three personal impact 'tools' which affect what people say about us when we're not in the room.

  • Mortality and Longevity 2020

    1 Birdcage Walk, Westminster, London SW1H 9JJ
    08-08 June 2020
    Spaces available

    This highly regarded seminar will provide topical and practical updates and discussion on the latest thinking and innovations in mortality and longevity.  The program is designed for life, pensions and health and care actuaries, academics, researchers, underwriters and related practitioners eager to learn about the latest developments in mortality and longevity.  The sessions are designed to be very accessible to a broad range of exp

  • Professional Skills Training - London (10 June 2020)

    Staple Inn, High Holborn, London WC1V 7QJ       
    10 June 2020

    Spaces available

    A Trusted Profession

    A 2 hour CPD event designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020This session is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive, so you should come along prepared to take part in the discussions.

  • Professional Skills Training - Edinburgh (17 June 2020)

    IFoA (Edinburgh), Level 2, Exchange Crescent 7 Conference Square Edinburgh EH3 8RA
    17 June 2020

    Spaces available

    A Trusted Profession

    A 2 hour CPD event designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020This session is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive, so you should come along prepared to take part in the discussions.

  • Professional Skills Training - London (18 June 2020)

    Staple Inn, High Holborn, London WC1V 7QJ   
    18 June 2020

    Spaces available

    A Trusted Profession

    A 2 hour CPD event designed to meet the IFoA’s Stage 3 Professional Skills Training under the IFoA’s CPD Scheme 2019/2020This session is suitable for actuaries working in any area (i.e. it is not specifically aimed at Pensions, GI or any other technical discipline) and is interactive, so you should come along prepared to take part in the discussions.

  • Pensions Conference 2020

    Renaissance Manchester City Centre Hotel, Blackfriars Street, Manchester,M3 2EQ
    18-19 June 2020
    Spaces available

    Join us as this year’s conference that will focus on topics including  funding and savings, pension law current issues, ESG, the end game and transferring risk, investment issues, data visualisation and data science.

  • IFoA Asia Conference 2020, Kuala Lumpur

    CCEC Nexus, 7, Jalan Kerinchi, Bangsar South, 59200 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
    24-25 June 2020
    Spaces available

    This event has been postponed. A new date will be announced.

    The IFoA's policy regarding COVID-19 is designed to safeguard the well-being of members and employees. As stated within the policy, the IFoA is reviewing its events programme on a case-by-case basis.

    To this end the IFoA and their strategic partner, the AIR, have taken the decision to postpone this year's Asia Conference. A new date will be announced pending further reviews over the following months. 

Filter Research Projects

Research themes
Delivery models
This cross practice working party has been created to examine the main implications of Climate Change for General Insurance actuaries and identify the best ways to manage those implications.
This cross practice working party has been created to examine the main implications of Climate Change for Investment actuaries and identify the best ways to manage those implications.
This cross practice working party has been created to examine the main implications of Climate Change for Life actuaries and identify the best ways to manage those implications.
This Research Working Party is concerned with looking at Solvency II's objectives and analysing the outcome of the final regulation against those goals
A Study of Major Hurricanes and Subsequent Market Response Working Party aims to address educated and inform actuaries on the nature and predictability of hurricanes and how they can cause insured loss in different classes of business. The working party will also discuss how the market is responding to hurricanes through product innovation, reserving, cat modelling and pricing.
This Cross Practice Working Party considers and examines the very large amount of money being invested by DC savers
This Working Party explores whether an actuarial approach can add value to accounting for Intangible Assets
The Achieving value for DC Pensions Working Party will meet and work with Finance and Investment Board colleagues as appropriate over 2014 and 2015
The disbanded Actuarial Function Working Party explored the work which that needed to be undertaken by the actuarial function to fulfil the requirements of Article 48 of the Solvency II Directive
The Actuaries and Income Inequality Working Party looks at income inequality caused by (or potentially resolved by) financial services and actuarial responsibility
The Actuaries Climate Index (ACI) is intended to be a resource for actuaries and others in developing predictive models for potential climate change related losses or opportunities and for risk management strategies
The Advanced Pricing Techniques Working Party explores new techniques and ideas of pricing in general insurance
This Working Party is looking at aggregation and simulation techniques in capital models, and in particular how the methods used are tested, communicated and justified to stakeholders, including regulators
PhD Studentship – This project involves research on longevity increase and its effects over the business environment. More precisely the focus will be set on covariates analysis
This Working Party studies the rise of Antibiotic resistance (‘ABR’) and how it has become an increasing concern to the medical professions, health services and governments of the world’s major economies. Given its potential impact, the subject is now of increasing concern to insurers and reinsurers from a mortality perspective, and to a lesser extent pensions actuaries.
The Artificial Intelligence and Automation Working Party will consider how new technology will change the future role of life and health and care actuaries, and will consider how actuarial practice needs to evolve.
This Working Party examines different approaches to Asset Liability Management (ALM) in Dynamic Hedging Strategies in order to make recommendations for ALM best practice
This disbanded Working Party worked to identify the opportunities available to insurers in relation to non-traditional assets and the risks and impediments to their adoption
The Banking Debt Working Party is a Cross Practice Working Party which has been set up to look at and investigate the issues affecting banking debt
PhD Studentship – This project has now been completed but reviewed the ways in which different types of liquidity affect the operations of a bank and the extent to which various regulatory requirements add additional constraints to the operations of banks
Behavioural Aspects of Institutional Investment Decision-Making
To examine ways of better detecting (‘sensing’) and responding to change
The Bond Yields Working Party will look at why bond yields are so low and if they will increase
The Cancer Modelling Working Party closed down in December 2018. It was developing projections of the likely future financial burden of cancer in England and Wales, covering both direct and indirect costs
This Working Party looks at the education of actuaries on the impact of central clearing of Over the Counter (OTC) derivatives on pension funds and insurance companies
This cross practice Working Party will focus on a broad range of topics covering all practice areas likely to be effected by climate change. Topics include but are not limited to; Impacts on general insurance risks, mortality and morbidity, effect on risk, growth and investment (including ‘asset stranding’) of government (and regulatory) actions to adapt to and mitigate the effect of climate change, and opportunities for actuaries being created by these changes
Formerly the Environmental Risk Reporting working party, the Climate Risk Reporting working party will undertake research on climate risk-related practices in reporting by a range of UK insurance companies and pensions funds.
The Communicating Defined Ambition Working Party builds on previous research to develop a proposal for the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to shape pensions policy
The goal of this working party is to investigate best practice from a customer perspective when communicating investment returns to UK retail investors at three key stages in their journey.
This Research Working Party wishes to consider the adequacy of information provided to members of retirement plans throughout all stages of the individual's working life as well as into retirement
Consumer Risk Metrics was a cross practice Working Party shared by Risk and Life, and it's aim is to develop a simple and easy to understand risk metric that will allow consumers to understand risk in a consistent way. It closed in February 2019.
This working party will look at the impact of capital requirements under Solvency II, and if these relate to (UK) protection and investment insurance products. It will also investigate whether the current post-financial crisis low interest environment is causing changes in the way consumers evaluate the products that meet their needs
The Critical Illness Working Party examines the risks and pricing issues associated with current ABI+ and newer minor illness definitions in the Critical Illness Market
During the period from Q4 2017 to Q1 2020, this working party considered the purpose of transfer values. Their main objective was to look at the principles for setting methods and assumptions used in calculating transfer values. This research was introduced following the increase of transfer value activity in defined benefit schemes, attributable to the introduction of the pensions freedoms in 2014, decisions by trustees to reduce investment risk and very low interest rates.
This is a working party aimed at providing insight for actuaries working on realistic capital calculations and enterprise risk management for life insurers and general insurers
The working party is raising awareness of visualisations, useful when performing risk modelling.
This disbanded Working Party examined the benefit visualisations provide in the communication of technical work
The Working Party examines the resilience of Defined Ambition schemes against different macroeconomic conditions
Disbanded in 2017
With increased reporting volumes, greater technical detail, faster turn-around and more explicit professional requirements being placed on GI reserving functions, the time that heads of reserving teams can dedicate to free-thinking, research and development work is often scarce and commonly perceived as non-existent. Add to this: pressures on expenses, recruitment challenges, and demands from business to demonstrate commercial relevance and add value. So, would heads of reserving gain from group discussions to share experiences, and develop strategies and solutions that can help them develop their teams’ capacity, capabilities and contribution?
The purpose of the Directors and Officers Insurance Working Party is to understand the pricing and reserving risks around this class of business
The Disintermediation Working Party explores peer-to-peer (P2P) lending from the perspective of investors, borrowers and the P2P intermediaries
The Diversity Analytics Working Party was formed in 2017 and was set up to ask the question –‘What will the insurance industry workforce look like in 10-20 years? How will it develop and will it be fit for purpose?’ With the hypothesis that there is a lack of diversity in the insurance sector, the working party carries out research and analytical work to look at the current position and project the future position. They will highlight any areas that are under-represented with the overarching concern that this may impact the performance of the insurance sector.
This Working Party is now disbanded
This programme seeks to explore current approaches in economic modelling and identify gaps requiring future research
The Emerging Risks working party has been considering emerging risks in the core actuarial fields of insurance, pensions and investments.
The Environmental Risk Reporting working party will build on the work of the **‘Risk Reporting’ working party and the ‘incentives facing UK firms to adopt early risk reporting provisions of the Revised Corporate Code.
The expansion of insurers investing in the Equity Release Mortgages (ERM), and the asset’s long term use to back annuity portfolios, brings ERM into scope of the “matching adjustment” of Solvency II.
Environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) issues are increasingly acknowledged as important investment considerations. Reporting to the Resource and Environment (R and E) Board and the Finance and Investment (F and I) Board, the ESG Investment Working Party works to co-ordinate and expand the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries’ (IFoA’s) ESG-related investment activities and advance actuarial capacity in this field.
The Disbanded Risk Reporting Working Party has completed its research investigating risk reporting practices in the Global Insurance Industry
The Extreme Events Working Party is a cross practice Working Party that aims for a better and wider understanding of the various methodologies that could be used for developing benchmark figures, including the advantages and disadvantages of each methodology
The disbanded Fairness in Insurance Pricing Working Party reviewed and summarised various issues (past and present) surrounding the discrimination debate
The Finance and Investment Education Working Party was set up in August 2014 by the Finance and Investment Board to consider how the finance and investment specialist subjects can continue to meet the needs of actuaries to 2035
This working party examines the topic of ‘financial repression’ – Government measures that effectively channel funds which, in an unregulated market, would go elsewhere
This Working Party functions as a source of knowledge and expertise within the Actuarial Profession on matters relating to flooding with a particular focus on the UK
The Cross Practice FRC and Risk Reporting Working Party sought to identify how the profession could raise awareness of the role of actuaries in meeting new requirements for risk management and risk reporting by major listed companies
PhD Studentship – This project has now been completed. It's objective was to further investigate the applications of FDA in Actuarial Science and to develop statistical methodologies and theories suitable for the problems arising from this area, focusing particularly on mortality and risk selection
The Genetics Working Party aimed to accumulate a body of evidence regarding the potential risks of anti-selection from genetic testing to allow the profession to make informed contributions to this topic
The calibration and validation of actuarial models in general insurance is often reliant on expert judgments which can be prone to biases, cognitive or otherwise. The Getting Better Judgement Working Party aims to point to more effective elicitation of information from experts
This Working Party provides a forum for GI actuaries to discuss local and international GI issues impacting members in the region, as well as the opportunity to further research in specific regional issues. 
As part of the preparation for the GI TORP Working Party presentation to the 2017 GIRO conference in October, the working party carried out a survey covering the level of automation used in general insurance reserving processes. This survey focused on the timescales and pressures of the reserving cycle and the current state of play relating to the prevalence of manual processes and the penetration of proprietary software. It looked at automation techniques as a mechanism for relieving the pressures on the reserving process resulting from solvency 2, the reserving cycle, IFRS and the pressure for faster close processes.
This Working Party investigates how actuaries might be able to apply their professional skills and experience outside the 'traditional' fields of insurance, pensions and asset management
IFR
Disbanded 2017
This Working Party (previously IFRS 4 Phase II) examines the implications of the accounting changes on general insurers and, in particular, on the work carried out by actuaries
The working party will analyse the impact of different approaches of calculating the Contractual Service Margin (CSM) at initial recognition and subsequent measurement, with respect to life insurance products under the Building Block Approach (i.e. Annuities and Protection) and the Variable Fee Approach (i.e. With-Profits) for both existing and new business.
The working party will investigate discount rates as they function under IFRS 17.
The working party will investigate whether IFRS 17 meets its stated objective of ensuring that entities provide relevant information in a way that faithfully represents insurance contracts, the implications of IFRS 17 on insurance accounting, profit reporting and supplementary reporting and any IFRS 17 related issues arising for UK life insurers.
Commissioned project - This project uses household survey data to examine the likely financial circumstances and behaviour of people during retirement
This Working Party will examine the emergence of e-cigarettes and their impact on insured lives. The impact will be assessed based on the latest medical research and statistics, mortality and morbidity risk and the identification of any emerging trends
This working party will examine the link between regulation and risk management behaviours.
This Working Party aimed to look at the emergence of wearable technology and the internet of things and their current and potential usage within the health and care area. It closed down in January 2019.
The Income Protection working party aims to investigate how incapacity and sickness vary by socio-economic factors and how it has varied over time, in particular during the recession
The Inflationary protection and investigating reporting management change Working Party looks at a number of issues, including Defined Benefit investment charges and pricing of inflation protection
There is a lack of knowledge which many financial institutions have about infrastructure investment. This working party will undertake research to uncover information about the risks and rewards which investing institutions are likely to experience
The working party will have a broad focus on the improvement of risk management efficiencies through the use of technology, potentially including governance, risk & compliance systems, data analytics and machine learning. It will also consider the three lines of defence model for risk management and contribute to thinking on how the operating model may potentially evolve, through the use of technology.
The Insurance as a Force of Social Good working party aims to explore an aspect of what it means for actuaries to work in the public interest in the insurance sector.
The Insuring Later Life Illnesses working party is working to provide a deeper understanding of later life conditions, and thus allowing insurers to develop more product solutions to help fund care and other costs in later life
The Integrated Risk Management Working Party will assess the three keys risks relating to defined benefit pension schemes – funding, investment and covenant
This Joint IFoA GIRO and CAS – CARe Working Party is exploring what makes for a good reinsurance underwriting submission
This working party explored the reasons we follow the herd seeking to quantify the impact of this, and identify what we can do to support the industry in making assumptions/choosing methods that they believe in
This working party is addressing the Inadequacy of current practices of calculating investment risk and relative return; and plans to propose a radical but intuitively correct methodology to calculate investment returns, relative returns, explanations of differences, or attribution, in a precise and relevant way
This Research Working Party seeks to understand investors as they approach retirement, and through it, the decisions they face, and the impact of those decisions and identify ways in which investors can be supported in making better decisions
The Life Office Taxation Working Party aims to keep abreast of new developments in the field of Life Office tax, to analyse their impact, and to educate and inform members of the profession who are not tax specialists regarding such developments and associated current issues
Reinsurance is commonly used by life and health insurers to manage their profitability, risk and capital, and to access services provided by third party reinsurers. The Life and Health Reinsurance Working Party was established in 2014 and has since set itself the ambition of developing into a source of practical knowledge and expertise on matters relating to reinsurance. Rather than looking at the theory behind reinsurance, the Working Party has been focused on the value that reinsurance can provide across the insurance industry.
Life Solvency and Capital Management Working Party wrote a paper on Expert Judgement (EJ) with full survey results, insights and suggestions for best practice/ standards/ templates
Under current regulations, close matching means that companies typically hold assets equal to the full face value of units or apply actuarial funding techniques. Under the proposed Solvency II regulations, technical reserves will tend to be less than the face value of units
The Liquidity Premium Working Party aims to provide a summary of how life insurance actuaries currently use the liquidity premium for pricing, valuation and risk management
PhD Studentship – The initial focus of this project is on data driven methods for establishing liquidity premia
The Liquidity Working Party raises actuaries’ awareness of the wide range of views on liquidity
The Long Term Care (LTC) Working Party analyses alternative long term care funding models, global models, and their potential applications to the United Kingdom.
This working party will investigate long terms guarantees on pensions, savings, protection and annuity products.
A research project jointly commissioned by the IFoA and Life and Longevity Markets Association (LLMA) has developed a readily-applicable methodology for quantifying the basis risk arising from the use of population-based mortality indices for managing longevity risk.
Current actuarial approaches to the assessment of future mortality trends are heavily reliant on reference to historical mortality data
PhD Studentship - This project will look at a number of challenges in the field of longevity risk modelling
The Longevity, Morbidity and Fairness Working Party will Model the impact of different morbidity and longevity experiences of socio-economic groups on the value of annuities purchased
This Research Working Party will consider the wider macroeconomic implications of retirement savings.
This Working Party is considering what With Profit Funds will look like in five years
The Managing Uncertainty with Professionalism Working Party seeks to develop general and simple principles to support actuaries in managing and communicating uncertainty in all fields.
The Marine and Energy Pricing Working Party is writing a Marine and Energy Pricing specific paper to inform and educate the actuarial profession
This Working Party will consider the management of Matching Adjustment portfolios as a measure approved by PRA under Solvency II, but whose subsequent management is not laid down in all areas. The sums involved are very material but aspects of the future management and fluctuation in the measure is unclear.
The Measuring Uncertainty Qualitatively (MUQ) Working Party is developing reserve uncertainty thinking beyond percentiles and bootstrap style techniques
Model risk is not as well defined and established as other more traditional risks, so the identification, understanding and communication of model risk is crucial.
This cross practice working party was established to investigate “Big Data”. Primarily focused on the latest and emerging thinking associated with modern mathematical tools and techniques, the working party will explore how the actuary may utilise these techniques to remain practical and add value to the businesses it serves
This programme is application driven, with impact and innovation in the pensions and insurance industries and beyond as its primary aims
PhD Studentship – This project will contribute to designing and pricing mortality-linked derivatives and offering the state of art solutions to the longevity risk
The Nat Cat Risk Validation Framework Working Party was formed in order to further examine Cat Model Validation
Operational Risk (OR) is a Cross Practice working party and acts as the conduit for Operational Risk (OR) research across all practice areas.
This disbanded Research Working Party studied how the 2014 Budget changed the retirement income market irrevocably, impacting the consumer and the regulatory environment.
PhD Studentship – The project aims to design new products that can be used by insurance companies to smooth investment returns for their customers
This commissioned research programme seeks to develop pension product designs that keep the customers' needs at the forefront, to provide a real income in retirement, whilst minimising costs for the customer.
A cross practice Working Party investigating the challenges of meeting long term care costs, a significant funding challenge for individuals, and both, current and future governments
The Peril Based Reserving Working Party is developing a universal framework for capturing the emergence and development of insurance claims, primarily with a view to developing more granular reserving methods and comparing their performance against existing techniques
This Working Party investigates Periodical Payment Orders (PPOs) and their effects on the UK insurance and reinsurance industry
This Working Party aims to understand how extreme conditions can trigger unexpected policyholder behaviour that significantly impacts insurers. We seek to understand the drivers of such behaviour, so that companies can better manage the consequences of extreme conditions should these occur.
The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries (IFoA) is co-sponsoring an international research project, looking into the impact ageing populations have on asset values over long time periods and considering the potential impact on large pension plans in Canada, the UK and the United States. The research is being conducted by the University of Waterloo (Canada) and the University of Kent (UK).
This Working Party had been established to promote the development of population health management within the actuarial profession and the health sector.
Commissioned project - The Pensions Policy Institute (PPI) is publishing a series of research reports that investigate the potential impact of auto-enrolment into private pensions on individuals and their levels of pension saving but also on the shape of the private pension market
The Practising Ruin Working Party aims to introduce practitioners to modern ruin theoretic concepts as part of the toolkit for risk-return assessments
The Pragmatic Stochastic Reserving Working Party researches the stochastic reserving methods available to general insurance reserving actuaries with the aim of agreeing a diverse selection of stochastic reserving techniques which will form the focus of the Working Party's subsequent research
This Working Party will look at different aspects of the capital regulation of Life Insurers and whether changes would reduce the tendency for Capital to be consumed or for Capital Requirements to increase in falling markets. This working party disbanded in June 2018.
A cross practice Working Party investigating the challenges of meeting long term care costs, a significant funding challenge for individuals, and both, current and future governments
The Programming for Actuarial Work working party is a cross-practice group established to explore and support the adoption of best practice computer programming concepts and techniques in daily actuarial work.
Commissioned project - This research project covered three areas; a survey of current practices, a survey of existing research and debate, and the developing of a common language for communicating current practice on discount rates and risk
The focus of this disbanded Working Party was to look at Solvency II on Defined Benefit pensions from a risk management angle
The disbanded Proxy Modelling Working Party assessed the impact of methodology and design choices against a number of relevant criteria, including accuracy, speed, complexity, ease of implementation and cost in order that a more formal understanding of these impacts can be documented and disseminated.
The Rationale for Retirement Behaviour Working Party will seek to better understand patterns amongst those retiring with regards to their pensions choices
This disbanded Working Party considered the lessons learnt from the failure of insurance companies, and how effective were the FSA reverse stress testing requirements in mitigating future failures
The RRP working group’s objective is to coordinate the development of a framework for actuaries, in both the life and non-life sectors, working to develop Recovery and Resolution Plans.
An overview of publications, presentations and press articles relating to this research programme
An overview of publications, presentations and press articles relating to this research programme
The Reserving Functions Survey Working Party is reviewing current reserving practice in the UK, covering those undertaking the reserving work (personal lines, London Market and reinsurers) but also canvassing the views of those using the output of the work such as board members, senior management, and regulatory bodies
This working party aims to develop a framework for helping customers understand risks and outcomes for insurance products and for avoiding unexpected customer outcomes
This disbanded Working Party was set up following the 2010 Risk and Investment Conference because there was little material available in relation to risk appetite and specifically developing risk limits
The working party has been created to assist professionals (actuaries as well as other professionals) employed in life insurance business in understanding the meaning of Risk Appetite, how it is determined and its application. A key aim will be to suggest the possible ways it can enhance value for different stakeholders.
Risk terminology varies from organisation to organisation and actuaries working in different organisations may use different terms to refer to the same risk, or use the same nomenclature for completely different risks. This disbanded Working Party set out a classification system that could be used as a common reference point for discussion risk
The emerging risks and opportunities associated with autonomous vehicles (AV) will need to be carefully considered by the insurance industry. The issues are wide ranging and should be understood by the actuarial profession. This is an important and high profile topic that has public interest ramifications. The actuarial profession should be in a position to inform the public debate and the insurance industry - the work of the Risk Considerations for Autonomous Vehicles Working Party is intended to help achieve this position.
The scope for this Disbanded Working Party was to consider a description of the feasibility of assessment / measurement of the culture of risk taking and the approaches to assessment / measurement. Also the assessment of the feasibility of changing the risk taking culture of an enterprise and discuss approaches to changing the culture of risk taking. Unfortunately, the research proposal failed to achieve the funding required to enable it to start
This working party was established to form views and recommendations to assist actuarial practitioners in risk management considerations relating to operating in a digital world
This Research Working Party proposed both theoretically sound and practical solutions to the current Risk Margin limitations. It closed in December 2019.
The procyclicality project was a joint venture between the IFoA and the Bank of England, led on our side by Ashok Gupta and Ronnie Bowie
This disbanded Working Party looked to develop proposals for enhancing our understanding of risk reporting based on the key elements, reporting to regulators, reporting to outside stakeholders, reporting for managing the business
This Working Party identifies the roles actuaries have in life offices, along with trends, threats to and opportunities for actuaries
This Research Working Party seeks to examine running off mature schemes in greater depth
This Research Working Party will seek to develop an understanding of Defined Contribution pension information in the public domain in the UK and overseas of relevance to the Working Party’s Terms of Reference
The Secondary Annuities Scoping Group seeks to conduct research related to annuitants and their engagement in future secondary annuities markets in the UK
The Social Finance and Impact Investing Working Party looks at Social Finance and Impact Investing and the measurement of non-financial returns
A working party looking at social investing
Solvency II IMAP investigates the internal model approval process for Solvency II and the specific challenge this presents for General Insurance actuaries
The Solvency II Practical Review Working Party seeks to evaluate the practical implications of Solvency II one year post-implementation and develop improvements for the PRA to consider in respect of this regulation.
Spreadsheet Models look at the issues surrounding end user computing (EUC) tools, especially spreadsheet models, which are in common uses across most businesses including most internal models
The State Pension Age Working Party will identify the factors we would expect the bodies making recommendations to Government on an age related SPA to take into account
This working party was set up to look at stress and scenario testing in life insurance
PhD Studentship - The project will initially be following two linked themes on the topic of model validation: backtesting of risk models and the development of proxy functions
ARC PhD Studentship addressing the study of survival models and their use in actuarial practice
This Working Party is now disbanded
The disbanded Takaful Life Insurance Working Party had the aim of adding to the overall body of knowledge of takaful and advancing actuarial science
This Working Party explores how ‘Story Telling’ might improve communication of potential future developments and adverse outcomes resulting in better decision-making under uncertainty
This cross practice Working Party has been created to examine the main implications of Resource and Environment issues for Pension actuaries and identify the best ways to manage those implications
This working party will look at the role of actuaries in new product design
This working party investigated whether consumers understood the value of their with-profits policies and, in particular, was the value of inherent guarantees and potential for real asset growth recognised by consumers? It also sought to understand what the consumer’s perspective was on the run-off of with-profits funds? Are consumers getting what they signed up for and do they understand the potential ‘end games’ of the run-off of the fund? The working party closed down in December 2019, after producing three reports.
Third Party investigates emerging claim trends in third party motor insurance
This Working Party works in tandem with the Third Party Working Party (Data) and the PPO Working Party
The Working Party will consider how customer needs are evolving and the potential impacts on the consumer environment
This Working Party explores the governance and design of existing processes within reserving, ensuring that principles-based guidance (small ‘g’) is given
This working party will examine the management of Transitional Measures for TPs, a measure, one approved by PRA under Solvency II but whose subsequent management is not laid down in all areas. The sums involved are very material but the future management and fluctuation in the measure is unclear.
This Working Party is now disbanded, but was created to review the comparisons of the causes of death by broad classification since 1993
The UK Asbestos Working Party investigates asbestos related claims based on UK market data, investigates trends and reacts accordingly.
UK Deafness Claims facilitates market data collection and investigates claims experience relating to deafness/noise-induced hearing loss in the UK
There seems to be a wide variety of opinions from practitioners in the field of capital (and in the insurance industry more generally) as to the range of uncertainty of 99.5th percentile estimates in general insurance internal models for the purpose of capital setting. This working party will develop existing work in this area, seek to refine the estimates of uncertainty and consider the practical implications of this work.
PhD Studentship – This project studies the rapidly expanding population of annuitants who have undergone knee or hip replacement
The aim of this disbanded Research Working Party was to undertake research to improve the understanding of recent developments and emerging trends in structuring unit-linked funds.
This commissioned research programme develops new methods for assessing basis risk and evaluating longevity improvement based on Big Health and Actuarial Data
This Research Working party will seek to develop an understanding of Investment Strategies. This working party will consider the following objectives:
Why Retire? explores the concept of a binary ‘retired/not retired’ status and the impact of this concept on the structuring of benefit accumulation and decumulation in later life
The general purpose of the working party is to help promote the potential for actuaries to use their risk skills to work in areas beyond the traditional practice areas. That promotion to be both internally within the profession (raising awareness of the options) and externally (showcasing actuarial skills and the value they can add in different fields).